Tea is an integral part of many cultures around the world. All Tea Green, Black, White, and Oolong are made of the same leaves. The plant is called Camellia sinensis, The leaves of this plant are grown the same way but treated differently after harvesting them. All tea leaves contain flavonoids which are naturally occurring phytochemicals that have antioxidant properties. Antioxidants prevent free radical damage in body which is thought to be the cause of many chronic diseases.
While both Black and Green Teas are made from the same plant, but, because of the variation in their processing style and nutrient content, they are different from one another.
Green Tea is loaded with the compound epigallocatechin gallate (EGCG), a powerful anti-oxidant. A lot of research that has been conducted concluding that it offers many health benefits. If you prefer to have a hot beverage in the evening but don't want the effects of the caffeine to keep you up all night, than green is the better choice. The taste of green is rather pleasant. With loose Green Tea, you can expect a lighter, mellow, and sweeter taste along with more balanced undertones. Starting off with mild varieties helps break the palate in for some of the stronger types. Green tea contains half the amount of caffeine than Black. Green tea leaves undergo minimal processing. While black tea has gone through an oxidation process, called fermentation, Green is deprived of it and thereby retaining more nutriments. It comes from countries such as China, Japan and India.
Black Tea has approximately half the amount of caffeine than a regular cup of coffee. Since the fermentation process used to make black tea converts EGCG into other compounds, researchers assumed black tea had less health benefits than green tea. However, recent studies indicate the compounds contained in black tea - theaflavins and thearubigens - do more than contributing to its dark color and distinctive flavor. Consuming a cup of black tea can give you exactly what Green Tea offers, just not in the same amounts. if you are a morning person who wishes to ditch coffee but still needs a hot beverage with caffeine to help wake you up then Black is your choice. Black Tea is oxidized (allowed to undergo reactions caused by exposure to oxygen). Oxidation results in color and flavor changes. Black teas mostly come from plantations in Africa, India, Sri Lanka and Indonesia.